“Which flowers are hummingbirds attracted to?” – This is probably the first question people ask when they build a hummingbird garden.
Hummingbirds are undoubtedly some of the most beautiful birds in the world. They are not only known for their beauty, but also for their role in keeping the ecological system thriving.
Did you know that most nectar-producing flowers can die in the absence of hummingbirds? As effective pollinators, hummingbirds help pollinate flowers and contribute to the genetic diversity of these flowering plants.
There are many flowers that attract hummingbirds. Here is a list of the most beautiful flowers that hummingbirds like to pollinate. Having these blooming beauties will fill your garden with colors, sweet fragrances, and a charm of hummingbirds!
1. Bee Balm
Scientifically known as Monarda Didyma, Bee balm is an attractive plant that belongs to the mint family – Lamiaceae. The flowering species is indigenous to North America and has a few common names such as horsemint, bergamot, and Oswego tea.
The lovely flower has a scent that is very much reminiscent of a fragrant tropical fruit – bergamot. The wonderful scent of the bee balm is attractive to bees and hummingbirds that pollinate the flower in the blooming season. The bushy plant boasts dark-green leaves with stunning red, pink, or white blooms. When well taken care of, the plant can grow up to 2 to 4 feet tall.
Zinnia is an annual flower that belongs to the sunflower family. It is indigenous to dry grasslands from Southwest of the United States to South America, with genetic diversity in Mexico.
This happy and lively flower species features daisy-like flowerheads on upright stems, making them great cutting flowers. The zinnia varieties that produce the maximum amount of pollen attract the most hummingbirds. Among several varieties of zinnia, the Zowie zinnia produces the most pollen.
3. Cardinal Flowers
Cardinal flowers are a common species in the bellflower family – Campanulaceae and are native to Canada and the United States, including Mexico and northern Colombia. You can usually find these flowers in wet regions such as swamps and stream banks.
This flowering plant features tall, upright intense red flowers that are primarily pollinated by ruby-throated hummingbirds. Even though these birds are tiny, they can fly at incredible speeds. Of all the hummingbird species found in the United States, this one has the largest breeding range in the country.
There are about 700 species of salvia that come in different sizes, shapes, and colors. It is undoubtedly the largest plant genus in the mint family – Lamiaceae. The flowering plant species is commonly referred to as sage, which is a popular herb used in cooking.
Hummingbirds love the red varieties of salvia because of their rich nectar. The most popular salvia species that attract most hummingbirds is the Hummingbird sage, also known as pitcher sage.
5. Trumpet Creeper
Many people who ask, “which flowers are hummingbirds attracted to” tend to miss out on the humble trumpet creeper. Simply known as trumpet vines, trumpet creeper is a flowering member of the family Bignoniaceae. The tall vine is native to the eastern United States and southern Ontario and can be found in many parts of the western United States, including Ontario and southern Quebec.
This dense flowering vine spreads rapidly in any part of the area you plant it in. What’s more is that hummingbirds frequently visit it in the spring and summer.
Rhododendron is an evergreen species of woody plant that belongs to the heath family. It is primarily found in Asia but is spread throughout the mountains of North America. This flowering plant has stunning bell-shaped flowers that attract hummingbirds in the spring season.
The gorgeous species also goes by a few common names such as purple ivy, rosebay, rosebay laurel, Catawba rosebay, mountain rosebay, purple rhododendron, and Catawba rhododendron.
Hollyhocks are popular biennial plants that belong to the Malvaceae family (Mallow family). The plant species is indigenous to Asia and Europe, and some of its types are native to some parts of America. These short-lived plants come in a wide variety of colors, including cream, pink, red, white, purple, yellow, white, and black.
Hollyhocks have tall spikes that are covered with blooms from top to bottom. Hummingbirds love to feed on these colorful flowering plants. They often pollinate them in the growing season, that is, usually mid-summer.
Petunias are vivid, colorful flowering plants native to South America. This plant is a soft, gentle perennial that blooms throughout the spring and summer in a wide array of colors such as purple, pink, yellow, white, among many others.
Petunias come in four main varieties – grandiflora, miliflora, multiflora, and spreading. Hummingbirds love all these varieties of petunias and like to visit them during their blooming season.
Columbine is a perennial plant that you’ll mostly find in woodlands and meadows. Commonly known as Granny’s bonnet, columbine features bell-shaped flowers that bloom from mid-spring to early summer. Columbine flowers come in many intense colors such as white, red, blue, pink, yellow, and purple. These colorful flowers enjoy frequent visits from pollinators such as hummingbirds. Hummingbirds especially love these flowers because they come in a tubular form, so it is easier for hummingbirds to collect nectar with their long beaks.
The most popular type of hummingbird that pollinates columbine is the black-chinned hummingbird.
Lupine, also known as lupin, is a tall, slender flowering plant and a prominent member of the legume family (Fabaceae). This flowering species is native to North and South America, and some of the varieties occur in Mediterranean regions.
These flowers bloom early in the spring and thus attract spring hummingbirds before any other plant has emerged and is ready for pollinators. Another reason why hummingbirds are so attracted to lupines is because of their bright appearance and the fact that they are able to hold a lot of nectar – thanks to their tubular shape.
Peonies are one of the most gorgeous flowering species, belonging to the family Paeoniaceae. These cup-shaped flowers are indigenous to Asia, Europe, and North America and bloom in early summer, from April to June. These sun-loving flowers like to grow in sunny spots. When they’re provided with the right growing conditions, a single peony can feature up to 15 soft and gentle petals.
Fully bloomed peonies produce lots of sweet nectar in spring and summer and attract hummingbirds from all over the world.
12. Morning Glory
Morning glory is a bell-shaped flower that is native to the Convolvulaceae family. It is a unique flower that only lasts a single day and develops intertwining vines.
The exuberant flower comes in a multi-colored variety and in single colors such as pink, blue, white, red, purple, etc. Morning glories attract many pollinators such as bees, moths, and hummingbirds, of course.
13. Coral Bells
Coral bells are evergreen perennials in the family Saxifragaceae. These bulb-shaped reddish flowers are native to North America and are also known as alumroot. Coral bells come in many varieties, and each of them boasts different foliage colors – red, silver, purple, green, etc.
These shade-loving flowers protect the nectar from spoiling and attract many pollinators, especially hummingbirds.
Fuchsia is a genus of flowering species that mostly consists of evergreen shrubs and trees. This evergreen flowering plant is super versatile and demands little maintenance. The most common varieties of fuchsia plants are available in pink, red, white, purple, and magenta.
The flowers hang from drooping stems, making it easier for pollinators to suck the nectar from the flower. Among many pollinators, hummingbirds are the most likely to feed on the flowers in the blooming season every year.
If you’ve ever asked the question, “which flowers are hummingbirds attracted to?”, then you now have your answer. These are just a few of the many flowers that hummingbirds love to feed on. This entire pollination process benefits both the flowers and hummingbirds. The flowers provide a tasty drink to the small bird while the birds help the flowers propagate their seeds. This helps both the species to evolve together and keeps the ecosystem well-balanced.